Scope of Civil Engineering – Skills, Career Prospects and Future

Now that you are done away with your class 12th and IIT JEE entrance exams, the next dilemma that a student faces is which stream of engineering to go for. The overflows of free suggestions from the near and dear ones, who gather information from unqualified people, further add to the confusion. Finally, what you get is distorted information emanating from two or three different layers of non-professional counselors. Most of the universe is still unaware of the different prospects of engineering and hence end up following the herd.

Scope of Civil Engineering

In this article, we are exploring the

Civil Engineering branch which is the oldest, broadest and everlasting discipline of engineering, extending across many technical specialties.  Specifically, it can be described as the professional art of applying Mathematics and Science to create and make a better place for people to live in. If you’ve just completed your 10+2 and you’re passionate about the creative process that goes behind the making of the landmarks in this world, trust me B. Tech in Civil Engineering is what you’re made for. India is developing faster every day, and the need for professionals to build better is increasing every day. After 10+2 PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths), you can pursue bachelors in Civil Engineering. You can discover your interests and start working while being a student or get on with a higher degree in the same field.

As per industry estimates, the size of India’s construction industry is expected to be USD 1 trillion by 2030 and contribute to 13 % of the country’s GDP by 2025. Considered as the fastest growing industry, construction is poised to become the largest employer by 2022, employing more than 75 million people. Civil Engineers plan, design, and supervise the construction of facilities essential to modern life like space satellites and launching facilities, offshore structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels, highways, transit systems, dams, airports, harbors, water supply system and wastewater treatment plants. A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the project. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills.

With close to 1.5 million engineers graduating in India every year, RICS (Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors) predicts a demand-supply gap of 44 million civil engineering professionals in India by 2020 to deliver potential real estate space and planned infrastructure.

A plethora of opportunities awaits skilled professionals from civil engineering in the future and the scope of civil engineering is huge. With the booming population and increased demands of sustainable infrastructure viz.  high-end road and railway network, better water supply arrangements and, concept buildings, the right skill set can take you to new highs in your civil engineering career. In addition, this fast-growing potential is why this job is called ‘evergreen’. Students enrolling for admission in Civil Engineering in 2019 can prepare and get themselves trained with the right skill set to be instantly employed into high-end national and international projects upon completing the course.

Scope of Civil Engineering in Private Sector


Scope of Civil Engineering in Private Sector

A person after the required qualification can also go abroad to work in multinational companies such as MNCs in USA, Singapore, UAE where they can find technologically advanced learning and experience. The salary expectations after degree vary from institutes to job locations and also depend on the skills of the individual.

Scope of Civil Engineering in Govt. Sector

Govt. PSUs often offer various positions across the country along with  job security and other benefits. One can also apply to the Indian Army or Indian Air Force that will fetch you additional rewards for being in armed forces.

Higher Education after B.Tech in Civil Engineering

For pursuing higher education, you should appear for postgraduate entrance exams like GATE, LPUNEST, PGEE, etc. and get admission in M.Tech. You can also choose an MBA if you want to get into operations which will widen the scope of your civil engineering career.

Salary in Civil Engineering

The most lucrative and fastest growing stream of civil engineers is those who specializes in Geotechnical Engineering. It’s a branch that is concerned with the engineering developments of earth materials and also enables one to set up their own firm.

As per payscale, the average salary of a fresher in Civil Engineering is 3 lac p.a. Civil Engineer salary increases by 53% by mid-career at least.

If you’re thinking this job is not something you can brag about with your pals. Think again. Take a close look on the fascinating developments made around you by the civil engineers be it the pyramid of Giza or the ‘Chunnel’ which is a 23-mile underwater train connecting France and London. Thank the civil engineering and this field will make you to never look back!

My Buildings will be my Legacy. They will speak for me, long after I’m gone!

-Jullia Morgan

Skills needed in a Civil Engineer

Students acquire the required skill sets during their 4-year degree in college. This helps them secure topmost positions in the industry.

Professional skills:

  • A sound understanding of social and professional responsibility
  • Effective communication skills
  • Ability to recognize the need of life-long learning
  • Ability to function with diverse teams
  • Technical skills
  • Strong Mathematical skills as well as the ability to apply them in engineering
  • Solution-oriented with ability to analyze and find solutions in different contexts
  • Ability to design projects keeping in mind its societal, financial and environmental impacts
  • Well versed with modern engineering tools and techniques.